Buick is an American automobile brand started as Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company in 1899. The first car was made between 1899 and 1900. The name was changed and it became Buick Motor Company in 1903 with the first car for sale, the Model B in 1904, a year when the new company almost went bankrupt and they sold a total of 34 cars. The Model B had a two-cylinder valve-in-head engine (Overhead Valve, OHV) and Buick pioneered this design.
Sales increased, other car manufacturers were aquired and a holding company, General Motors (GM), for these companies including Buick was formed in 1908, a year when Buick was the highest selling automobile in the US with 8,820 vehicles sold.
In the GM lineup Buick was placed below Cadillac as the second most luxurious brand in the lineup.
More than 260,000 vehicles were sold in 1926 and Buick had earned a reputation for reliability during marketing including a drive around the world, Leningrad-to-Moscow endurance runs, races on other continents such as in Africa and Europe and races on the other side of the world from United States such as in New Zealand.
The first 8-cylinder engine were introduced in 1931, a straight-eight with OHV.
The Buick Regal GNX came with a turbocharged 4.1 liter V6, were modified by McLaren and ran 0-6 mph in 4.7 seconds and the quarter mile in 13.5 seconds @ 102 mph.