Rolls-Royce Limited (Rolls-Royce) is a British automotive brand established in 1904 and formed into a company in 1906. The first car, the Rolls-Royce 10 hp was introduced in 1904.
The company started to produce aircraft engines in 1915 during World War I. Overspending on the RB211 turbofan aircraft engine led to Rolls-Royce being nationalized in 1971. The car division was seperated from the engine divisions and became Rolls-Royce Motors in 1973.
Vickers bought Rolls-Royce Motors in 1980 and sold it to Volkswagen in 1998, but Volkswagen did not buy the rights to the name and logo. These entities was controlled by the engine maker Rolls-Royce plc who had a joint venture with BMW. A deal was reached and Volkswagen used the name and logo from 1998-2002. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars became a BMW Group subsidiary from 2003.