Land Rover is a British automobile brand, originally a product line in the Rover Company, when it was started in 1948. In 1978 the two models, Land Rover on sale from 1948 and Range Rover, a luxury four-wheel drive SUV on sale from 1970, became a division under the British Leyland Corporation (BL).
British Aerospace took ownership of Land Rover in 1988, BMW in 1994, Ford in 2000 and from Tata Motors in 2008.
The first prototype of the Land Rover was built in 1947, two years after the finish of World War II and in a period with heavy shortage of raw materials in Europe. Due to the difficulty of obtaining steel, aluminum was used for the boxy body placed on top tof a very rigid fully boxed steel frame and and has been used on the Series models and is still in use on the Defender models, the latter the model that is the most direct lineage from the prototype.
Land Rover Series I was on sale from 1948, Series II from 1958, Series IIA from 1961, Range Rover from 1970, Series III from 1971, Defender series from 1983, Discovery (later named LR3 & LR4 in the US) from 1989, Freelander (later named LR2 in the US) from 1997, Range Rover Sport from 2005 and Range Rover Evoque from 2011.
Land Rover started selling the Series I in the US in 1949.