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The Peugeot company dates back to 1810 and the founding of Peugeot-Frères aînés et Jacques Maillard-Salins, when the family mill was converted into a steel mill. In addition to producing steel, Peugeot made items from coffee grinders (1840) to bicycles (1886) - both items still in production - before the first car was built in 1889, powered by a steam engine. Peugeot Type 2, built in 1890, had a Daimler petrol engine. A seperate company, Automobiles Peugeot (Peugeot), was founded in 1896 in order to concentrate on production of cars and trucks, powered by Peugeot petrol engines. Motorcycles were added to the line in 1903.
Peugeot won Indianapolis 500 in 1913, 1916 and 1919. 100,000 vehicles had been produced in 1925 - spread on roughly 160 different models since 1889. Production of diesel engines started in 1928, direct-injection petrol engines from 1961, front-wheel drive in 1965 and a joint venture with Renault, in 1966. Peugeot aquired all of Citroën in 1976, the European parts of Chrysler in 1978, the same year the 10th million Peugeot was produced.
Turbo-Diesel engines were introduced in 1979, the 205 - a small hatchback - in 1983, the 205 GTI and the 205 Turbo 16 - a mid-engine, four-wheel drive, 350 hp Group B rally car, with 200 road going models built for homologation - in 1984. The E2 version - with up to 550 hp - followed in 1985. The Peougeot 205 Turbo 16 became the most winning Group B Rally car before Group B was cancelled at the end of 1986.
Peugeot ended vehicle sales in the US in 1991, two years before large scale tests of electric cars started in 1993 with Citroën AX and Peougeot 106 électrique.
American Chrysler, Italian Fiat, and the French PSA Group (Citroën, DS, Opel, Peugeot & Vauxhall) merged in 2021 to form Stellantis N.V., consisting of the following car brands: